What is glaucoma?
Progressive damage to the optic nerve head occurs in glaucoma. It results in loss of nerve tissue and loss of vision. There are different forms of glaucoma. The most common form is called primary open angle glaucoma, which is associated with an increased pressure inside the eye.
Advanced glaucoma may cause blindness. There are other types of glaucoma that may result with normal pressure inside the eye.
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the US according to the AOA.
Glaucoma is diagnosed with a thorough patient history, eye pressure measurements, visual field testing and other supplemental testing. Glaucoma is treated with medications and in more severe cases with surgery.
After turning 45 I noticed it became difficult to read. Why?
As we age, the lens inside our eye loses its flexibility, which makes it more difficult to focus on objects that are close. This condition is called presbyopia, and it is a normal aging change inside the eye. Early signs of presbyopia include holding reading materials farther and farther away, until one’s arms do not seem long enough.
Usually presbyopia is treated with reading glasses, bifocals, trifocals, progressives, or contact lenses.
What is a cataract?
A cataract is when the clear lens inside the eye becomes cloudy. Most cataracts occur with aging.
There are different types of cataracts. They generally form very slowly. Early symptoms of cataracts are blurry vision and increased glare, especially at night.
Once the patient starts complaining of reduced vision and difficulty performing every-day tasks, the cataract needs to be removed. In the place of an opaque natural lens, a clear intraocular lens is inserted.
We provide cataract consultations and work closely with ophthalmologists co-managing cataract surgery.
What is retinal detachment and what are the symptoms?
Retinal detachment is when the retina separates from its attachment in the back of the eye. This often occurs as a result of a retinal hole, tear or break that can be located centrally or in the periphery. Sometimes this can happen when the vitreous gel separates from its attachment in the back of the eye. A retinal detachment can occur as a result of an injury. A dilated examination can help find an asymptomatic hole/tear that can be fixed with a laser, and prevent a retinal detachment. We also recommend dilation after any kind of injury involving an eye.
Symptoms of retinal detachment include flashing lights and a lot of black spots known as floaters.
LASIK, short for Laser In-situ Keratomileusis, is a procedure where a surgeon uses the laser to reshape the cornea and improve the way light focuses on the retina. It is a quick procedure with short recovery time. Most patients see an improvement in vision immediately after the procedure.
It is very important to choose a good surgeon. While any surgeon can do the procedure, only a good surgeon can achieve perfection with the least side effects.
Prior to having surgery, it is important to have a complete eye examination. If you would like more information about laser corrective surgery, please make an appointment for your exam and we will discuss different options as well as refer you to a trusted surgeon
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